(Continued from Part 1)
Level I Scenario
In these paragraphs, we will look at the areas of primary and secondary importance as they can be managed in a Level I scenario.
A person needs around two gallons per day for cooking and rudimentary cleaning. For short term emergencies it may be possible to store up two weeks or more water, that much should be stored up anyway. When you store water, treat it with iodine or Clorox or boil (iodine is better, boiling is best) and rotate water stores every six months, see level II instructions for disinfecting ratios. Water can be recovered in the house from plumbing pipes, the back tank of the toilets, the hot water heater, and can be stored in water beds if the conditioner has never been used (treat and rotate). Reserve the water bed, toilet tank and tub water for non-potable uses or distill before use. Milk jugs don't make good long term storage devices, 2 liter coke bottles do. Also, if you expect water shortages, clean the tubs thoroughly and fill them up. Water has also been used from swimming pools. If the water is shut off temporarily, you can flush the toilet by pouring a bucket of water directly into the bowl, use creek water or bath tub water. Conserve water at every opportunity.
Keep two months worth of canned goods in your pantry. Canned goods will last for at least a year, longer if you turn them over every couple months. Rotate them on a last in, first out basis to keep the stash current. Beware of canned goods that are bulging, smell bad or make a whooshing noise when you open them, if there is any doubt, feed them to the cat. Just kidding, cat lovers (the cat may be needed for extra protein) Don't forget the can opener (non-electric, of course) Have some way to cook: an outdoor grill with plenty of fuel, Sterno cans, fireplace, camp stoves with plenty of fuel; all the above; an outdoor campfire might work.
A disaster may hit in the winter so have some way to heat your house if the power goes out for a while. A fireplace, although grossly inefficient, will help, a kerosene heater costs about 150 dollars, or less, wood stoves are a good bet. Never burn a charcoal fire inside. Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning, use adequate ventilation, and don't catch the house on fire. Make sure you have a couple of fire extinguishers rated for ABC type fires, keep the matches away from the kids. Block off only the room you are trying to heat with blankets over openings not already covered with a door. If you are depending on firewood, or whatever source of fuel, stock up well before the winter; firewood takes several months to dry out. Have plenty of blankets or sleeping bags handy. It would be advisable to install battery powered Carbon-monoxide monitors and extra smoke detectors, if you are heating or cooking indoors with open flame.
Keep the doors secured at night; don't leave tools and firewood lying about in the open. Avoid the cities if there is unrest; heighten driving awareness, lock the car doors and drive around crowds of people.
Never miss an opportunity to get closer to God. Pray for guidance before making decisions. Try not to worry; Matthew 6:34
"...do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own."
Also, 1 Peter 5:9
"Cast all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you."
Keep current on medical issues. Stock up on any medications you may require in case of any spot shortages in that area. Build up a first aid kit, there is a fairly extensive one listed in Appendix A, of course speaking of appendix, with the kit listed below you could probably take one out. Modify the kit downwards if you like to fit a Scenario I environment. Don't forget a spare pair of glasses if you need them. Wash your hands frequently to avoid sickness, purify your water religiously.
Make copies of all bank statements, insurance policies, retirement policies, IRAs, 401(k)s, anyplace you have money in an electronic format. Keep a copy of your estimated Social Security benefits; this shows the amount of retirement benefits you are entitled to when you retire. Talk to a financial advisor. The stock market may take a dive but will probably recover. It might be a wise move to have 3 or 4 weeks’ worth of cash at home, don't advertise, keep it in a well concealed fire-safe.
Power, lighting, water, gas, and sewage. In a Scenario I environment there might be random power outages lasting for a relatively short time, maybe a day or two, think of a good ice storm or tornado. A generator might be in order, make sure you connect it to the system safely and isolate your house from the outside system to avoid cooking utility repairmen. Talk to an electrician; there are several options on how to hook up a generator to your house, there's the correct way and there's the way everybody does it. Store enough fuel for the noisy, hungry beast and use only those appliances that are necessary. An alternative to electric lights are Kerosene lamps, use #1 or #2 Kerosene, three lamps burning 5 hours a night will go through about 2 -1/2 gallons of Kerosene in a month. Calculate your fuel requirements accordingly.
Have some trash bags on hand in case there are temporary interruptions in trash pickup. Water and sewage disposal were covered in the water section above.
It is nice to keep informed, as a bare minimum have an AM/FM radio with plenty of batteries.
Keep the gas tanks on your vehicles above half full at all times, (you and everybody will be lining up at the pumps so don't do it on the way to a party you’re already late for).
Level II Scenario
At this level, serious self-sufficiency plans have to be implemented. The normal level of division of labor breaks down and purchasing everything you need at Kroger's, Home Depot and Wal-Mart might not be an option; therefore, you have to have supplies stockpiled ahead of time or have the ability to generate them yourself through home production or barter. Nobody knows how bad it can get or how long such a situation could drag on, but it might be wise to plan for a slightly worst-case scenario and act accordingly. A level II plan would preclude burning all your bridges, but would require some outlay of thought, money and time to prepare. An extensive list of tools and supplies are laid out in Appendix A, more of a dream list than what one will be able to acquire, sort of like going through the Sears catalog saying "I want that... I want that..." , but it might give you some ideas.
Water is critical, of course. Level I instructions apply in this scenario. You can purify water by boiling it for one minute. Also, by treating it with pure Clorox at the ratio of 8 drops per gallon if the water is clear or 16 drops per gallon if the water is cloudy, shake it up and let it sit for 30 minutes to allow time for the Clorox to kill all the microorganisms. A 55 gallon drum would require about 1/5 cup of Clorox to purify for 6 months. You can also purify water with 2% tincture of iodine in liquid form; add 20 drops per gallon of clear water, 40 drops per gallon for cloudy water, shake it up and let it sit for 30 minutes. Don't accidentally drink any of the iodine straight, for example from the lip of the container, as it is a deadly poison; also, the iodine is suspended in alcohol, so if the alcohol evaporates, adjust the number of drops accordingly. Don't use Betadine solution to purify water. Probably the best way to purify water is to distill it using manufactured heat or solar power. One easy way to construct a solar still is to build a 3' x 3' x (12" on one end, 18" on the other) waterproof box, paint the inside black with a non-toxic waterproof paint, or line with black plastic, and construct a roof of clear Plexiglas sloping to a trough or even a multi-faceted cover sloping to one point. The box should be totally enclosed with no ventilation. Pour dirty water into the box and let the sun work, collect the distilled water as it evaporates and runs down the Plexiglas cover; this method will yield about one quart per day so build accordingly. Clean the box out occasionally. Filters are an option, they are expensive and require filter element changes. Filters might be manufactured from earth and/or sand products.
Rainwater catchment systems seem promising. The rain from the roof is diverted into a cistern or barrels. The literature I've seen says metal or plastic roofs are OK for potable water systems, but not roofs with asphalt shingles; however, if the water is just used for flushing toilets or watering cats, go with the asphalt shingles. If you do need to build a potable catchment system under an asphalt roof, it might be ok if you use a filter made out of sand to filter out trash, I believe the problem is in tar products from the shingles and possibly fiberglass. You can cheaply construct a washer system by letting the raw water from the roof run into a five-gallon bucket with a large overflow outlet near the top of the bucket and a smaller (1/4") outlet at the bottom of the bucket. When it rains, the water rushing off the roof fills the bucket before overflowing into the cistern thereby washing the roof of pollution and dirt before going into the cistern; the smaller tube at the bottom allows the water to drain out of the bucket before the next rain. All in all, quite an elegant low-tech solution. The system might be as simple as cutting off a gutter downspout and directing it into a 55-gallon drum. A cistern can be built out of chicken wire wrapped around circle of re-bar stakes, then plastered over with a 3:1 sand: Portland cement mixture. There's a little more than that to it but you can research it if you’re interested in that technology (i.e. I'm not sure what all is involved, I've just seen them in use in South America).
A well would be a nice thing to have, they are somewhat expensive and most pumps require electricity to operate, plan accordingly. Solar powered, wind powered or hand powered pumps are a viable option. Water conservation would be necessary. Save water used for cleaning to strain and re-use. Water used to cook vegetables or meat can be added to soups for extra nutrition and liquids.
Picture a grocery store when the weatherman gets done talking about an ice storm...now picture the same store where not only the bread, milk and eggs are gone, but everything is stripped down to include even the canned artichokes and Brussels sprouts; well maybe the Brussels sprouts will still be there. The average grocery store only holds enough food supplies for three days; they depend on a steady stream of trucks re-stocking the shelves on a regular basis. In addition to the two months supply of canned goods stored for a level I situation and the food in your 72 hour kit, store whole grains, pasta, rice (white not brown), beans, powdered milk, oil, spices, salt, and other items you may care for. There is a more extensive list in Appendix A. Whole grains store infinitely better than flour and preserve their nutrients much longer, the problem with grains is that they have to be converted to flour to make bread, this means a grinder; a good grinder can be purchased for around $250, or possibly they can be found at flea markets for $30 -$60, look for a grist mill. The larger the grinding wheel, the faster they work, the smaller ones with a 1 1/2" wheel take a long time to make flour. You can grind flour between two rocks or pound them with a heavy iron bar in a sturdy metal can if you have to. Grains can also be soaked and boiled, roasted, sprouted or just gnawed on for as long as your teeth last. The optimum lo-tech way to cook is with an old-fashioned wood fired cook stove, not really an economically viable option for most of us, so figure out what is needed to cook over a fireplace, build a wood fired grill/oven out of rocks and mud, and learn to cook over a campfire. A Dutch oven is a great way to bake bread if it is the type that has a raised lip around the lid to hold coals on top and provide an oven like area inside the pot. It probably wouldn't be a good idea to set up your outside kitchen out front by the street unless you have plenty to share.
Foraging for wild game and plants might be an option, but it is better not to depend on it for your main source of food for several reasons: 1.) everybody will be doing it. 2.) When you are hunting, nobody is looking after the farm 3.) Game will become scarce(r). 4.) if you kill something, you have to get it back to the house carrying the unfortunate deceased critter with one hand whilst fending off poachers with the other. 5.) Wild game does not have enough fat on it to make a straight deer/rabbit diet feasible. On the other hand, if a deer wanders across your yard early one morning and you are ready for it...venison for supper. Also, you can have a box trap, or two, working for you all night while you are sleeping and have roast Raccoon for lunch the next day. Leg holds, snares and Connibears also work. Pay attention to wild plants for food also, get a field guide. A pellet gun can harvest rabbits and squirrels around the house and is quiet and cheap to shoot, as well as being good practice.
Canning supplies will be a good thing to have in a survival environment, jars, lots-o-lids, pots big enough to sterilize jars in. Food can be dehydrated, pickled in salt, or smoked in a homemade smokehouse. The enemies of stored food are heat, oxygen and bugs. To store grains and beans, get five gallon plastic buckets with new lids, put 1-2 inches of grain in the bottom of the bucket, put in a chunk of dry ice as big as your (4-6 oz.) hand then fill the rest of the way to the top of the bucket. Set the lid on loosely and wait for 4-5 hours until the lid stops 'burping'. As the dry ice evaporates, it displaces the oxygen, which cause food oxidation, and also kills the bug’s larvae by starving them of their oxygen. The CO2 is heavier than the O2 and stays in the bucket. Next seal the lid and store in a cool place, don't put it in an attic or hot garage, this will shorten the storage life. Grains will store for 20+ years, beans for 8+ years, dried food for 6 months, solid Crisco stores longer than liquid oils (about 6 months for the liquid), Brown rice 6 months, flour for 6 months, pasta 2 years and powdered milk 18 months.
Just about any food storage plan is a temporary stop gap measure until food production can resume, this means seeds, non-hybrid so that the seeds can be used from year to year (if it goes on that long). Garden tools will be required. If livestock farming is envisioned, envision a fox in your chicken house if you don't have some chicken wire stashed back. Fencing can keep a deer out of your garden if it is about 10 feet tall (maybe higher if the deer is a good jumper). Seeds can be picked up cheaply after the end of the summer and would also make an excellent barter item.
More of the same as level I, Have a way to heat it. If you envision a more serious situation, such as a level II disaster, plan on having a wood fired heater, even a homemade one fabricated from a 55-gallon drum. Have a way to cut firewood; the best option is a chainsaw, with a spare or at least a bucksaw as a backup. Keep an extra bar, 2 chains, spark plugs, points, file, plenty of gas and bar oil. If you don't have oil to mix with the gas for a 2-cycle engine, 30-weight non-detergent oil can be substituted. Also, 90-wt gear oil can be used as a bar oil; bar oil will be used just about as fast as the gasoline mixture, so get plenty. Eye and ear protection is also a good thing to have. Don't forget the splitting wedge. Plastic sheeting will be handy to further insulate windows, stop leaks or build a small greenhouse.
Most likely your shelter will be your present home, so figure on what you could do that would make it habitable without any outside utilities coming in. Don't put all your eggs in one basket; bury (cache) a large portion of your supplies underground to avoid a massive loss due to fire or other calamity. Research ways to protect goods buried underground with regards to waterproofing, location, security and availability.
Here's where it starts to get somewhat confusing. As a Christian, I have rules to follow that are not of this world; but I have a family to protect also. I don't believe that God would have me not protect them with every tool possible. I can only pray for guidance on this issue and hope I do the right thing as God would will it. A gun is a tool that can be used for good or evil. Wars have been fought with weapons that resulted in ultimate good; WWII is the most striking example. If Hitler had not been stopped, by American's carrying guns, he would have done much more damage than he did. On the other hand, firearms in the hands of criminals have taken untold numbers of innocent lives. Another analogy might be that Solomon was able to build the Temple in Jerusalem because his father, David, had secured peace in the Middle East through the might of his armies. Yet, David had wanted to build the Temple himself but was stopped by God because his hands had been bloodied in war. Most perplexing.
If you do decide to get a gun or guns, start with a pump shotgun in 12 or 20 gauge, a .22 rifle, a center-fire bolt action scoped rifle and maybe a center-fire pistol, in that order. Get plenty of ammunition, especially .22 ammo, it's cheap. With the grace of God, you'll only have to use them to harvest wild game.
A dog is an effective early warning system (cats are worthless). Also, tin cans filled with pebbles strung up on wire. If there is civil unrest in the area, get together with several families in order to provide for mutual protection, watches, garden help and spiritual support. Pay attention to the area and the people moving through; try to establish a buffer zone around your house, like a fence. Don't tell people what is your exact situation. Don't appear obviously better fed or provisioned than the people around you. In spite of all this direness, help people to the best of your ability, without compromising the safety of your family.
Hold regular church services, "pray without ceasing" as the Apostle Paul would say, set up Bible study classes, organize Christian counseling in stress relief areas, set up a food bank and widows and orphans ministry. James 1:27
"Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after widows and orphans in their distress..."
Observe the Sacraments. The Methodist church observes three sacraments, the Communion, Baptism and the covered dish supper. :-)
God's will is for you to help your neighbor. When Jesus comes back, Matthew 25:37-40 says:
"Then the righteous will answer Him "Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or needing clothes and clothe you? When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?" The King will reply, "I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.""
Jesus is coming back someday, or we will go to Him, and we will then have to give an account of our actions on earth. We are not saved by good works, but do have to account for our works, good and bad.
God loves you and wants only what is best for you, as it says in the book of Romans (8:28):
"And we know that in all things God works for the good of those that love Him."
If a collapse goes down this heavy, it will be somewhat scary, way out of our normal comfort zones, but if we put our hope in the Lord, we will never be disappointed. He will take care of us to the ends of time. Look at Psalms 118:5-6:
"In my anguish I cried to the Lord, and He answered by setting me free. The Lord is with me, I will not be afraid."
At some point when you trust in the Lord for your well-being, you cease to be afraid because you know that no matter what happens, He will be with you to comfort and protect you. Therefore, why be fearful. I think it is OK to prepare for things such as famine, Joseph did, but don't put your faith in your own human preparations. Look at Matthew 6:19-21:
"Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. But store up for yourselves treasures in Heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there will be your heart also."
Maybe you think you don't need the Lord or He couldn't love somebody like you, well, you're wrong. You do and He can. Trust Him. Listen to this, think about what it means to you. Matthew 7:24-26:
"Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock."
Build on the rock, not on the sand. Jesus Christ is the rock; the things of the world are the sand. Nobody is perfect; everybody has a past where he or she didn't live according to God's laws. When you accept Jesus as your Savior, you may still be accountable to the world but as far as God is concerned, the sacrificial blood of Jesus Christ covers all your sins and in His eyes you are pure and sinless. Psalm 103:1-22
"Praise the Lord, O my soul; in all my inmost being, Praise His Holy name. Praise the Lord, O my soul and forget not all His benefits.
He forgives all my sins and heals all my diseases; He redeems my life from the pit and crowns me with love and compassion.
He satisfies my desires with good things, so that my youth is renewed like the eagle's. The Lord works righteousness and justice for all the oppressed.
He has made known His ways to Moses, His deeds to the people of Israel. The Lord is compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, abounding in love.
He will not always accuse, nor will He harbor His anger forever; He does not treat us as our sins deserve or repay us according to our iniquities.
For as high as the heavens are above the earth, so great is His love for those who fear Him; as far as the east is from the west, so far has He removed our transgressions from us.
As a father has compassion on his children, so the Lord has compassion on those who fear Him; for He knows how we are formed, He remembers that we are dust.
As for man, his days are like grass, he flourishes like a flower in the field; the wind blows over it and it is gone, and its place remembers it no more.
But from everlasting to everlasting the Lord's love is with those who fear Him, and His righteousness with his children's children- with those who keep His covenant and remember to obey His precepts.
The Lord has established His kingdom in heaven and His kingdom rules over all. Praise the Lord, you His angels, you mighty ones who do His bidding, who obey His word. Praise the Lord, all His heavenly hosts, you His servants who do His will. Praise the Lord, all His works everywhere in His dominion.
Praise the Lord, O my soul.
The fear of the Lord is not the terror inspired by a tyrant, but the respect and awe a child holds for a beloved father, a father who has always been there, even when the child strayed and sinned, a father who has always loved the child; a child that will always love the father.
"I will say of the Lord, "He is my refuge and my fortress, my God in whom I trust.""
Medical and Dental Concerns
The best thing you can do right now is to get physically fit by exercise and correct eating habits; this is a failing of mine. Preventative medicine and proper hygiene will be important. In a sustenance type environment, it is hard to stay clean, especially if water is in short supply. You must however, purify drinking water and wash your hands to keep from getting sick. Get two spare sets of glasses, if you need them. As discussed earlier put together a first aid/medical kit sufficient to handle serious emergencies, 911 might not be working or paramedics might be overloaded. Learn how to perform rudimentary medicine and gather medical, drug and nursing books now.
Most drugs are still good after the expiration date (not Tetracycline- toss it when it expires, it cause kidney damage when old; also, aspirin when it smells like ascetic acid (sour, vinegary, smell like blue RTV sealant) is poisonous. If a drug is far past the expiration date, you might have to up the dosage. Understand, do not use this information in lieu of a real doctor, I'm not one and I don't play one on TV, this information is for emergency use only with no medical help available, I believe it to be correct. Stock up on medication in advance, Aspirin, Tylenol, anti-biotic, painkillers (or alcohol), anti-diarrheal, etc etc. See the list below.
Financial and Legal Concerns
Pretty much the same as Scenario I. Perhaps more cash set aside and maybe some investments in gold and junk silver; junk silver is non-numismatic grade, pre-1964 solid silver coinage, useful for barter. Junk silver is in small enough denominations to be reasonable when trading and also easily recognizable as what it is, a silver coin. Keep a real low profile with the exact specifics of your preparations. It won't be a secret from the criminal elements of our society that people are stockpiling cash and supplies. There are those that are stockpiling only guns and ammunition.
With regards to barter, some things are easily tradable and typically in short supply during a crisis. Clean water, coffee, batteries, candles, kerosene and lamps, lighters, candles, toilet paper, soap, stuff like that. Keep some for trading purposes. If somebody needs something you have set aside for trading purposes, but does not have anything to trade, give it to them anyway, don’t be a dweeb profiteer. Don’t use societal collapse as an excuse to get rich; use barter goods to re-supply or obtain items you have not anticipated needing.
To be continued…